Norine MacDonald QC
President and Founder 

Norine MacDonald QC is President and Founder of RAIN+ Research Group. She is a Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University in Washington, DC.  Her research focus is on issues related to the intersection of Artificial Intelligence and the defense and intelligence sector.  Specific research interests include mapping the Artificial Intelligence for defense and intelligence innovation ecosystem, with a view to providing policy insight for decision makers, as well as global mapping of this sector. Ms MacDonald has also developed expertise on the ways in which social media can be used for intelligence and influence operations, as part of a research project to understand the nature of “Social Media Intelligence.”

George Howell
Director of RAIN+ RESEARCH

George Howell is Director of RAIN+ RESEARCH. He is a Development Studies and Innovation Management specialist, on both geopolitical and urban security challenges, with more than ten years of experience in the security and defense policy environment.

Dr Jorrit Kamminga
Director of RAIN+ ETHICS

Jorrit Kamminga is Director of RAIN+ ETHICS Global Observatory on AI Ethics & Governance in the Security Sector. He is also a Senior Research Associate at the Clingendael Institute. Dr Kamminga brings two decades of experience working on the nexus between security and development, with a special focus on Afghanistan and Colombia. He holds a Ph.D. in International Relations from the University of Valencia, Spain.

Emmanuel Reinert
Business Advisor 

Emmanuel Reinert is Business Advisor to
RAIN+ Research Group, supporting the strategic development of the organisation. Emmanuel has many years of leadership in a range of fields including corporate business development, security, defense and intelligence. 

Rutger Veltman

Rutger Veltman is Analyst for the RAIN+ ETHICS and RAIN+ RESEARCH divisions. He brings extensive research experience, with a special focus on drone warfare, security and international relations. He holds an MA Modern Middle Eastern Studies (Distinction), a BA Modern Middle Eastern Studies and a BSc International Relations from Leiden University. 

Matthew Wilcox
Media and Communications Lead

Matthew Wilcox is Media and Communications Lead at RAIN+ NEWS. Having previously worked in public relations for a major international auction house, he also has more than ten years’ experience as a freelance journalist and editor focusing on, amongst other things, technology, art, culture and travel.  

Peter Wilcox

Peter Wilcox is a Researcher for RAIN+ RESEARCH. With a technical background, Peter is an IT specialist and data analyst with more than 20 years of experience in his field.  

Larein Zhang

Larein Zhang is a Researcher for RAIN+ RESEARCH and also supports the RAIN+ NEWS team. She graduated from Cardiff University with an MA in International Journalism and previously worked for Nielsen as an analyst in Consumer Insights.